Nhà Bác học Sinh-Hoá đã bị bắt vì nhận hàng triệu USD từ Đại học Vũ Hán Trung Quốc

TIN TỨC - THỜI SỰ

Uviet.net (10.04.2020)

https://www.uviet.net/2020/04/nha-bac-hoc-sinh-hoa-bi-bat-vi-nhan.html

Nguyến Thế Anh

Các công tố viên liên Bang đã đưa ra các cáo buộc chống lại chủ tịch Khoa Sinh Hoá học của Đại học Harvard vì đã khai gian với Bộ Quốc phòng về số tiền ông nhận được từ Đại học Công nghệ Vũ Hán Trung Quốc. Charles M. Lieber, chủ tịch của Khoa Sinh Hoá học ở Harvard, được cho là đã vi phạm luật liên Bang khi không tiết lộ sự liên quan của mình trong chương trình Thousand Talents Plan của Trung Quốc cho Bộ Quốc phòng, bao gồm cả số tiền ông nhận được, theo tài liệu cáo buộc.
Các cáo buộc do chính phủ Hoa Kỳ đưa ra chống lại giáo sư Lieber là cực kỳ nghiêm trọng, đại học Harvard cho biết trong một tuyên bố. Đại học Harvard đang hợp tác với các cơ quan liên bang, bao gồm Viện Y tế Quốc gia, và đang bắt đầu đánh giá riêng về hành vi sai trái bị cáo buộc.

Charles M. Lieber, the chair of Harvard’s Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology. Charles M. Lieber, Trưởng Khoa Hóa học và Sinh học Hóa học Harvard.

Charles M. Lieber allegedly violated federal law by not disclosing his involvement in China’s Thousand Talents Plan to the Defense Department, including money he received, according to the charging document. https://nationalfile.com/harvard-chemical-biology-scientist-arrested-for-receiving-over-2m-from-chinese-wuhan-university/?fbclid=IwAR3iOopyVaN56sCBpgyAGyIUgM-3Pi0fik1JCKORtcoRy-E0onDRITQAGpg

Các tài liệu được đưa ra bởi các công tố viên liên Bang hôm thứ Ba cho rằng Lieber được trả 50.000 Mỹ Kim mỗi tháng, cùng với khoản trợ cấp chi phí sinh hoạt 158.000 Mỹ Kim và 1,74 triệu Mỹ Kim để thành lập phòng thí nghiệm nghiên cứu tại Đại học Vũ Hán. Số tiền này được cho là đã được chuyển thông qua chương trình Thousand Talents Plan của Trung Quốc, nhằm mục đích săn trộm các chuyên gia công nghệ và khoa học tài giỏi từ phương Tây và đưa họ đến Trung Quốc làm việc trong các lĩnh vực công nghệ Sinh Hoá Học.

Viện Y tế Quốc gia cũng bị Lieber lừa dối liên quan đến việc anh ta tham gia vào kế hoạch tuyển dụng Hàng ngàn nhân tài và liên kết với Đại học Vũ Hán Trung Quốc.

Thông tấn NBC News báo cáo rằng cơ quan thực thi pháp luật đã xác nhận Lieber đang bị giam giữ tại cơ quan Liên Bang kể từ hôm thứ Ba.
Năm 2011, Lieber đã được giới thiệu trong một bài báo của Tạp chí Harvard cho công trình của mình về các bóng bán dẫn có kích thước nhỏ như Virus:
Lieber đã làm việc trong thập kỷ qua về thiết kế của ông và tổng hợp các bộ phận có kích thước nhỏ ở cấp độ Nano sẽ cho phép ông ta chế tạo các thiết bị điện tử siêu nhỏ (xem Tiết trên Liquid Computing,” phát hành tháng 11-12 / 2001, trang 20).

nhà khoa học nano

 

Charles M. Lieber là một nhà hóa học người Mỹ và là người tiên phong trong lĩnh vực khoa học và công nghệ nano. Năm 2011, Lieber được Thomson Reuters đặt tên là nhà hóa học hàng đầu trên thế giới trong thập kỷ 2000-2010 dựa trên tác động của các ấn phẩm khoa học của ông.

 

Vụ bắt giữ diễn ra khi thành phố Vũ Hán đang bị cách ly sau khi một loại CoronaVirus mới lây lan diện rộng, khi đó đã có hàng ngàn người nhiễm bệnh Virus viêm phổi Vũ Hán và nhiều khác đã tử vong.
Thành phố Vũ Hán (nơi có 
Phòng thí nghiệm P-4 chỉ cách chợ động vật hoang dã 30 km) đã được xác nhận là tâm chấn của cuộc khủng hoảng virus sinh học.

Tờ National File báo cáo tuần trước về bằng chứng Video cho thấy số lượng bệnh nhân nhiều đến mức các bệnh viện Vũ Hán không có đủ giường bệnh đáp ứng khi bệnh nhân nhiễm CoronaVirus nằm la liệt trên sàn nhà:
Đoạn phim gây chấn động được đăng tải lên YouTube cho thấy một bác sĩ Trung Quốc ở thành phố Vũ Hán đang khóc lóc cầu xin cấp trên tăng cường hỗ trợ để chống lại sự lây lan của loại virus chết người.

Vị bác sĩ, mặc đồ bảo hộ hazmat đầy đủ, được nhìn thấy trên điện thoại liên lạc với cấp trên với giọng nói đầy kích động. 

Source: Department of Justice
Tài liệu sở Tư Pháp Hoa Kỳ.

Department of Justice

Office of Public Affairs

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Tuesday, January 28, 2020

Harvard University Professor and Two Chinese Nationals Charged in Three Separate China Related Cases

The Department of Justice announced today that the Chair of Harvard University’s Chemistry and Chemical Biology Department and two Chinese nationals have been charged in connection with aiding the People’s Republic of China.

Dr. Charles Lieber, 60, Chair of the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology at Harvard University, was arrested this morning and charged by criminal complaint with one count of making a materially false, fictitious and fraudulent statement. Lieber will appear this afternoon before Magistrate Judge Marianne B. Bowler in federal court in Boston, Massachusetts.

Yanqing Ye, 29, a Chinese national, was charged in an indictment today with one count each of visa fraud, making false statements, acting as an agent of a foreign government and conspiracy. Ye is currently in China.

Zaosong Zheng, 30, a Chinese national, was arrested on Dec. 10, 2019, at Boston’s Logan International Airport and charged by criminal complaint with attempting to smuggle 21 vials of biological research to China. On Jan. 21, 2020, Zheng was indicted on one count of smuggling goods from the United States and one count of making false, fictitious or fraudulent statements. He has been detained since Dec. 30, 2019.

Dr. Charles Lieber

According to court documents, since 2008, Dr. Lieber who has served as the Principal Investigator of the Lieber Research Group at Harvard University, which specialized in the area of nanoscience, has received more than $15,000,000 in grant funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and Department of Defense (DOD). These grants require the disclosure of significant foreign financial conflicts of interest, including financial support from foreign governments or foreign entities. Unbeknownst to Harvard University beginning in 2011, Lieber became a “Strategic Scientist” at Wuhan University of Technology (WUT) in China and was a contractual participant in China’s Thousand Talents Plan from in or about 2012 to 2017. China’s Thousand Talents Plan is one of the most prominent Chinese Talent recruit plans that are designed to attract, recruit, and cultivate high-level scientific talent in furtherance of China’s scientific development, economic prosperity and national security. These talent programs seek to lure Chinese overseas talent and foreign experts to bring their knowledge and experience to China and reward individuals for stealing proprietary information. Under the terms of Lieber’s three-year Thousand Talents contract, WUT paid Lieber $50,000 USD per month, living expenses of up to 1,000,000 Chinese Yuan (approximately $158,000 USD at the time) and awarded him more than $1.5 million to establish a research lab at WUT. In return, Lieber was obligated to work for WUT “not less than nine months a year” by “declaring international cooperation projects, cultivating young teachers and Ph.D. students, organizing international conference[s], applying for patents and publishing articles in the name of” WUT.

The complaint alleges that in 2018 and 2019, Lieber lied about his involvement in the Thousand Talents Plan and affiliation with WUT. On or about, April 24, 2018, during an interview with investigators, Lieber stated that he was never asked to participate in the Thousand Talents Program, but he “wasn’t sure” how China categorized him. In November 2018, NIH inquired of Harvard whether Lieber had failed to disclose his then-suspected relationship with WUT and China’s Thousand Talents Plan. Lieber caused Harvard to falsely tell NIH that Lieber “had no formal association with WUT” after 2012, that “WUT continued to falsely exaggerate” his involvement with WUT in subsequent years, and that Lieber “is not and has never been a participant in” China’s Thousand Talents Plan.

Yanqing Ye

According to the indictment, Ye is a Lieutenant of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), the armed forces of the People’s Republic of China and member of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). On her J-1 visa application, Ye falsely identified herself as a “student” and lied about her ongoing military service at the National University of Defense Technology (NUDT), a top military academy directed by the CCP. It is further alleged that while studying at Boston University’s (BU) Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biomedical Engineering from October 2017 to April 2019, Ye continued to work as a PLA Lieutenant completing numerous assignments from PLA officers such as conducting research, assessing U.S. military websites and sending U.S. documents and information to China.

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According to court documents, on April 20, 2019, federal officers interviewed Ye at Boston’s Logan International Airport. During the interview, it is alleged that Ye falsely claimed that she had minimal contact with two NUDT professors who were high-ranking PLA officers. However, a search of Ye’s electronic devices demonstrated that at the direction of one NUDT professor, who was a PLA Colonel, Ye had accessed U.S. military websites, researched U.S. military projects and compiled information for the PLA on two U.S. scientists with expertise in robotics and computer science. Furthermore, a review of a WeChat conversation revealed that Ye and the other PLA official from NUDT were collaborating on a research paper about a risk assessment model designed to decipher data for military applications. During the interview, Ye admitted that she held the rank of Lieutenant in the PLA and admitted she was a member of the CCP.

Zaosong Zheng

In August 2018, Zheng entered the United States on a J-1 visa and conducted cancer-cell research at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston from Sept. 4, 2018, to Dec. 9, 2019. It is alleged that on Dec. 9, 2019, Zheng stole 21 vials of biological research and attempted to smuggle them out of the United States aboard a flight destined for China. Federal officers at Logan Airport discovered the vials hidden in a sock inside one of Zheng’s bags, and not properly packaged. It is alleged that initially, Zheng lied to officers about the contents of his luggage, but later admitted he had stolen the vials from a lab at Beth Israel. Zheng stated that he intended to bring the vials to China to use them to conduct research in his own laboratory and publish the results under his own name.

The charge of making false, fictitious and fraudulent statements provides for a sentence of up to five years in prison, three years of supervised release and a fine of $250,000. The charge of visa fraud provides for a sentence of up to 10 years in prison, three years of supervised release and a fine of $250,000. The charge of acting as an agent of a foreign government provides for a sentence of up to 10 years in prison, three years of supervised release and a fine of $250,000. The charge of conspiracy provides for a sentence of up to five years in prison, three years of supervised release and a fine of $250,000. The charge of smuggling goods from the United States provides for a sentence of up to 10 years in prison, three years of supervised release and a fine of $250,000. Sentences are imposed by a federal district court judge based upon the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines and other statutory factors.

Assistant Attorney General for National Security John C. Demers, United States Attorney Andrew E. Lelling; Special Agent in Charge of the FBI Boston Field Division Joseph R. Bonavolonta; Michael Denning, Director of Field Operations, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Boston Field Office; Leigh-Alistair Barzey, Special Agent in Charge of the Defense Criminal Investigative Service, Northeast Field Office; Philip Coyne, Special Agent in Charge of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General; and William Higgins, Special Agent in Charge of the U.S. Department of Commerce, Office of Export Enforcement, Boston Field Office made the announcement. Assistant U.S. Attorneys B. Stephanie Siegmann, Jason Casey and Benjamin Tolkoff of Lelling’s National Security Unit are prosecuting these cases with the assistance of trial attorneys William Mackie and David Aaron at the National Security Division’s Counterintelligence and Export Control Section.

The details contained in the charging documents are allegations. The defendants are presumed innocent unless and until proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt in a court of law.

These case are part of the Department of Justice’s China Initiative, which reflects the strategic priority of countering Chinese national security threats and reinforces the President’s overall national security strategy. In addition to identifying and prosecuting those engaged in trade secret theft, hacking and economic espionage, the initiative will increase efforts to protect our critical infrastructure against external threats including foreign direct investment, supply chain threats and the foreign agents seeking to influence the American public and policymakers without proper registration.

Nguyễn Hoàng Thế Anh

www.Uviet.net

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